UNIT - I Laws of Thermodynamics | Introduction of thermodynamics, Review of basic definitions, Zeroth law of thermodynamics, Macro and Microscopic Approach, State Postulate, State, Process and Thermodynamic Cycles. First law of thermodyamics, Joules experiment, Applications of first law to flow and non flow processes and cycles. Steady flow energy equation and its application to different devices. Equivalence of Clausius and Kelvin Planck Statement, PMM I and II, Concept of Reversibility and Irreversibility. (Chapter - 1) |

Unit - II Entropy | Entropy as a property, Clausius inequality, Principle of increase of Entropy, Change of entropy for an ideal gas and pure substance. Ideal Gas Ideal Gas definition Gas Laws : Boyle's law, Charle's law, Avagadro's Law, Equation of state, Ideal Gas constant and Universal Gas constant, Ideal gas processes-on P-V and T-S diagrams Constant Pressure, Constant Volume, Isothermal, Adiabatic, Polytropic Throttling Processes, Calculations of heat transfer, work done, internal energy, Change in entropy, enthalpy. (Chapters - 2 , 3) |

Unit - III Thermodynamic Cycles | Gas Power Cycles : Air Standard Cycle, Efficiency and Mean Effective Pressure, Carnot Cycle, Otto Cycle, Diesel cycle, Dual cycle, Comparison of cycles, Brayton cycle, Gas Refrigeration Cycle : Reversed Carnot, Bell Coleman Cycle. Availability Available and unavailable energy, concept of availability, availability of heat source at constant temperature and variable temperature, Availability of non flow and steady flow systems, Helmholtz and Gibbs function, irreversibility and second law efficiency. (Chapters - 4, 5) |

Unit - IV Properties of Pure Substances | Formation of steam, Phase changes, Properties of steam, Use of Steam Tables, Study of P-v, T-s and Mollier diagram for steam, Dryness fraction and its determination, Study of steam calorimeters (Barrel, Separating, Throttling and combined) Non-flow and steady flow vapour processes, change of properties, Work and heat transfer. Thermodynamic Vapour Cycle Vapour Power Cycles : Carnot cycle, Rankine cycle, Comparison of Carnot cycle and Rankine cycle, Efficiency of Rankine cycle, Relative efficiency, Effect of superheat, boiler and condenser pressure on performance of Rankine cycle, Vapour Refrigeration Cycles : Reversed Carnot Vapour Cycle, Vapour Compression Cycle and representation of cycle on P-h and T-s diagram, Refrigerating effect, Compressor power and COP estimation (Numerical treatment using R134a only and enthaply Cp, Cv data should be provided in tabulated form) (Chapters - 6, 7, 8) |

Unit - V Steam Generators | Introduction to fuels, Theoretical amount of Oxygen / Air required for combustion Stoichiometric Air, Fuel ratio, Excess air, lean and rich mixtures, stoichiometric A : F ratio for petrol (No Numerical Treatment on Fuels and combustion, only basic definitions and terminologies to be covered). Classification, Constructional details of low pressure boilers, Features of high pressure (power) boilers, Introduction to IBR, Boiler performance calculations-Equivalent evaporation, Boiler efficiency Energy balance, Boiler draught (natural draught numerical only) (Chapters - 9, 10) |

Unit - VI Psychrometry | Psychrometry and psychrometric Properties, Basic Terminologies, Psychrometric relations, Psychrometric Chart, Psychrometric Processes, thermodynamics of Human Body, Comfort Conditions (Numerical treatment using Psychrometric chart only). (Chapter - 11) |